Economic Information

Exchange Control Regulations
Foreign Capital Allowance

Individuals who are older than 18 years and who are in good standing with SARS can invest up to R10 million per year abroad. Income accruing thereon, may also be retained abroad. This dispensation has been granted by the South African Reserve Bank until further notice. Corporate entities, however, are obligated to bring back foreign earnings. Undisclosed offshore investments are deemed to have earned income equal to the fringe benefit interest rate. Foreign assets declared under the Exchange Control and Tax Amnesty Act 2003 are counted towards your individual foreign investment allowance, thus such amnesty declared foreign assets will reduce the overall amount you’re able to invest offshore via this dispensation.

Travel Allowance

In addition to the R10 000 000 annual foreign capital allowance, for persons over the age of 18 years, an annual travel allowance of R1 000 000 is available for any legal purpose (including investment purposes) abroad. This dispensation may be utilised solely at the discretion of the resident without any documentary evidence having to be produced to the authorised dealer except for travel purposes outside the Common Monetary Area (South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland and Namibia) where a passenger ticket needs to be produced.

For more information, you can visit the SARB website.

Medical / Dental Expenses Abroad

No limits apply if original, documented evidence of cost can be supplied.

Student Maintenance Allowances (full time students)

Maintenance allowance Vacation allowance
Single Student R160 000 p.a. R50 000 p.a.
Student accompanied by a spouse not studying R320 000 p.a. R100 000 p.a.

Tuition and academic fees may be paid directly to the institution concerned against original documentary evidence, without any limit.

Family Maintenance Allowance (only fathers, mothers, brothers, sisters)

Per receiving family unit in necessitous circumstances R9 000 per month
Gifts and Loans R30 000 p.a. per applicant

(To non-residents or South African residents temporarily abroad solely for study purposes)

Philatelic and Numismatic Imports

No limit applicable, excluding South African gold coins minted in 1962 and thereafter.

Directors Fees (to non-residents including emigrants)

No limit applicable.

Guarantees (by non-residents in respect of financial assistance to South African Residents)

No limits applicable.


Emigrants qualify for the Foreign Capital Allowance as discussed above:

  • Up to R10 000 000 per adult per calendar year
  • Up to R20 000 000 per family unit per calendar year

Emigrants qualify for the annual Travel Allowance as discussed above:

  • Up to R1 000 000 per adult
  • Up to R200 000 per child under the age of 18

Blocked Assets

Assets in excess of the settling-in allowance remain blocked and fall under control of an authorised dealer to be released for payment of authorised gifts or expenses, including donations to South African residents, within an overall limit of R100 000 per annum. Applications to export blocked assets is subject to a 10% exit charge. Initial tranches of R5 million have been allowed.

Local Visits by Emigrants:

R75 000 p.a. per family unit blocked funds, at a rate of R3 000 per day for adults and R 1 500 per day per child under 12. Direct and return flights may be paid locally from blocked funds.

Remittable Income

The income earned by an emigrant in his blocked assets is freely remittable abroad, after providing for income tax where applicable.

Restrictions on Local Financial Assistance

Foreign companies or foreign owned South African companies may borrow locally up to 300 per cent of the total shareholders’ investment.

Foreign Investment in South Africa

Non-residents enjoy unrestricted rights to invest in gilts and shares listed in the Stock Exchange and export the proceeds on the sale thereof. Interest and dividends are also freely remittable. Loans by non-residents to South African individuals or entities require prior exchange control approval.

Trade Credit

Granting of trade credit to non-residents is permissible for periods up to six months.

Corporate Tax Rate:


Capital Gains Tax:

40% for individuals.
80% for companies.
80% for trusts.



Personal Income Tax:


Taxable Income                                        Rates of Tax

R0 –                    R189 880                       18% of each R1
R189 880 –           R296 540                     R34 178 + 26% of the amount over         R189 880
R296 541 –           R410 460                     R61 910  + 26% of the amount over        R296 540
R410 461 –           R555 600                     R97 225 + 31% of the amount over         R410 460
R555 601 –           R708 310                     R149 475 + 36% of the amount over        R555 600
R708 311 –           R1 500 00                    R209 032 + 39% of the amount over        R708 310
R1 500 001+                                            R533 6251 + 45% of the amount over       R1 500 000


Taxable Income                                       Rates of Tax

R0 –                   R195 850                       18% of each R1
R195 851 –           R305 850                     R35 253 + 26% of the amount over         R195 850
R305 851 –           R423 300                     R63 853  + 26% of the amount over        R305 850
R423 301 –           R555 300                     R100 263 + 31% of the amount over        R423 300
R555 601 –           R708 310                     R147 891 + 36% of the amount over        R555 600
R708 311 –           R1 500 00                    R207 448 + 39% of the amount over        R708 310
R1 500 001+                                            R532 041 + 45% of the amount over        R1 500 000

Tax Rebates:

Persons under 65:                    R13 635 (2018) & R14 067 (2019)
Persons between 65 and 75:    R21 114 (2018) & R21 780 (2019)
Persons 75 and over:                R23 607 (2018) & R24 354 (2019)

Sin taxes:

Increases between 6.7% and 8.5% in sin taxes on alcohol and tobacco products. A sugar tax will be introduced on 1 April 2017

Exemptions Individuals:

  • All interest received by or accrued to non-residents is exempt from tax, provided the individual is physically absent from South Africa for at least 183 days, did not carry on business in South Africa and is not deemed to be ordinarily resident in South Africa during the year of assessment.
  • There are annual exemptions for interest received which are adjusted on an annual basis.

Transfer Duty

Transfer duty is payable by the purchaser on the purchase value of immovable property situated in South Africa. The indirect acquisition of residential property by way of the acquisition of shares, member’s interest in a close corporation or a contingent right in a discretionary trust is also subject to transfer duty. No transfer duty is payable where the transfer of the fixed property is subject to VAT. Transfer duty rates are applicable from 1 March 2017.

Value of Property Rate
First R900 000 0%
R900 001 to R1 250 000 3% of value above R900 000
R1 250 001 to R1 750 000 R10 500 plus 6% of value above R1 250 000
R1 750 001 to R2 250 000 R40 500 plus 8% of value above R1 750 000
R2 250 001 to R10 000 000 R80 500 plus 11% of value above R2 250 000
R10 000 000 + R933 000 plus 13% of value above R10 000 000
Donations Tax
Donations tax is a tax levied at a rate of 20% on the value of any property (not limited to physical property such as houses/land) which is disposed of through a donation by a South African resident or domestic company. There are certain donations that are exempt from donations tax, however – some of which include the following:

  • Donations by natural persons up to R100 000 per annum after 1 March 2006 (previously R30 000)
  • Donations by companies not considered to be public companies up to R10 000 per annum after 1 March 2002 (previously R5 000)
  • Donations between non-separated spouses
  • Bona fide maintenance payments
  • Donations to Public Benefit Organisations
  • Donations where the donee will not benefit until the death of the donor
  • Donations made by companies which are recognised as public companies for tax purposes
  • Donations cancelled within six months of the effective date
  • Property disposed of under and in pursuance of any trust
  • Donations of property or a right in property situated outside RSA – only if acquired by the donor before becoming a resident in RSA for the first time, or by inheritance or donation from a non-resident
  • With effect from 01 October 2001, donations between companies forming part of the same group of companies.

It is important to note the following:

  • Donations tax is payable within three months of the donation taking effect.
  • The donor is initially liable for the tax, but should the donor fail to pay the tax within the three month period, the donor and donee are jointly and severally liable for the tax.

For more information, you can visit the SARS website.

Estate Duty
Estate Duty is an amount that is charged, levied and collected from the estate of every person who passes away on or after 1 April 1955.

Rates of Estate Duty:

  • Persons deceased prior to 01 October 2001 – 25%
  • Persons deceased on or after 01 October 2001 – 20%

Exemptions from Estate Duty include:

  • For persons deceased prior to 01 March 2006, the first R1 500 000
  • For persons deceased on or after 01 March 2006, the first R3 500 000
  • Any bequest to a surviving spouse or a public benefit organisation

It is important to note the following:

As an example regarding the exemptions above, if the total net value of an estate for a person deceased after 1 March 2006 is R4 million, Estate Duty will be dutiable on 20% of the amount exceeding R3.5 million – an amount of R100,000 (20% of R500,000).

In general, Estate Duty is paid by the executor of the estate, but where a policy was paid to a beneficiary directly, the beneficiary is liable for the proportionate share of the Estate Duty payable.
The duty assessed must be paid within 1 year of date of death or on the date prescribed in the notice of assessment. The current interest rate for overdue payments is 6% p.a.

For more information, you can visit the SARS website.

Please note that while all effort has been devoted to accurately conveying the information above, discrepancies may occur and SecureWealth will not be liable for any damages as a result of misinterpretation or misuse of the above information.

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